Samsung Forum

Samsung regularly hosts global leaders and experts to share insights about their cutting edge research and unique experiences. Recordings of these sessions, which happen either at our San Jose campus or now virtually, are shared below. Watch these recordings and learn about trends and cutting edge technology that stand to make a big impact on our future.

May 11, 2021

Energy-Efficient Hardware and Intelligent Materials for Brain-inspired Computing

Deep learning is a hugely successful and powerful algorithm for machine learning applications such as computer vision and natural language processing. However, the training of these neural networks is limited by the traditional von Neumann architecture of our current CPUs and GPUs. Shuttling data back and forth between the separate memory and computation units in such architecture results in significant energy consumption; many orders of magnitude greater than the energy consumption in human brain. Our projects focus on designing materials and hardware that can instead perform data storage and computation in a single architecture using ions, inspired by the human brain. In one project, we have designed a protonic electrochemical synapse that changes conductivity deterministically by current-controlled shuffling of dopant protons across the active device layer; resulting in energy consumption on par with biological synapses in the brain. In our second project, we demonstrate controlled conducting oxygen vacancy filament formation in resistive memory devices via dopant and microstructure engineering. These strategies provide pathways towards neuromorphic hardware that has high yield and consistency, performs data storage and computation in a single device, and uses significantly lesser energy as compared to current computing architectures.

Bilge Yildiz

Bilge Yildiz is a professor in the Nuclear Science and Engineering and the Materials Science and Engineering Departments at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), where she leads the Laboratory for Electrochemical Interfaces. She received her PhD at MIT in 2003 and her BSc from Hacettepe University in 1999. After working at Argonne National Laboratory as a research scientist, she returned to MIT as an assistant professor in 2007. Yildiz’s research focuses on laying the scientific groundwork to enable next generation electrochemical devices for energy conversion and information processing. The scientific insights derived from her research guide the design of novel materials and interfaces for efficient and durable solid oxide fuel cells, electrolytic water splitting, brain-inspired computing, and solid state batteries. Her laboratory has made significant contributions in advancing the molecular-level understanding of oxygen reduction, water splitting, ion diffusion, and charge transfer on mixed ionic-electronic conducting oxides. Her research has uncovered the effects of surface chemistry, elastic strain, dislocations, and strong electric fields on the reactivity, efficiency, and degradation in these applications. Her approach combines computational and experimental analyses of electronic structure, defect mobility and composition, using in situ scanning tunneling and X-ray spectroscopy together with first-principles calculations and novel atomistic simulations. Her teaching and research efforts have been recognized by the Argonne Pace Setter (2016), ANS Outstanding Teaching (2008), NSF CAREER (2011), IU-MRS Somiya (2012), the ECS Charles Tobias Young Investigator (2012), the ACerS Ross Coffin Purdy (2018), and the LG Chem Global Innovation Contest (2020) awards.