What is Device Protection, or Factory Reset Protection (FRP)?
Android devices provide built-in security features you can use to protect your device and information, including screen locks and data encryption. Data protection, or Factory Reset Protection (FRP), is a security feature on Android devices with Lollipop 5.1 and higher.
FRP is automatically activated when you set up a Google Account on your device. Once FRP is activated, it prevents use of a device after a factory data reset, until you log in using a Google username and password previously set up on the device.
How does FRP work?
When you perform a Factory Data Reset, all settings are returned to the factory default settings. All data is erased, including files and downloaded apps.
If you have a Google Account set up on the device, FRP is active. This means that after the reset, you'll be required to log in to the Google Account using the username and password. If you have multiple Google Accounts set up on the device, you can log in using any of the accounts.
If an unauthorized person tries to reset the device by another method, the device would still require log-in using the Google username and password. This means that if your device is lost or stolen, another person would not be able to reset it and use it.
What do I need to know about FRP?
If you want to reset your device to factory defaults, make sure you know your Google Account and password, because you'll need to log in at the end of the reset.
If you want to reset your device to factory defaults, but don't remember your Google username and/or password, you can do one of these:
> Check your device s Account settings for your account name, and reset your password via the
device or at www.google.com. It can take 24 hours for the password reset to sync with all devices registered to the account.
> Remove the account before you reset the device.
If you already reset your device, but don't remember your Google username and/or password, the device can't be used. In that case, you can do one of these:
Log in with your Google username and password and check the list of devices registered to the account. If you don't see the device listed on the account, it means the device is registered to a different account. Use the same process to check for devices linked to your other Google Accounts. When you find the registered account, use it to log in to your device.